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PRD - Production Planning and Control



In general, you have to distinguish in production planning between produce to order and serial production. When looking at production-oriented companies you can often find a mixture of both.
» Our customer says;
The elementary information source within production planning ist the requirement category. The user defines by means of the requirement category how a planned requirement is used.

It is possible in the CANIAS ERP PPC-System

  • To create sales plans which can be a result of forecasts (please look at material master data)
  • To generate independent requirements
with possibility to assingn to customer orders
with possibility to distribute requirements to several dates.

Allocation of requirements:

  • Daily / weekly / monthly
  • Integration via sales
  • Material groups and usage probability.

Production Orders

Product description and Goals
Production orders are orders for internal goods and services. They comprise both technical and operational product / activity information. Production orders are the basis of adjusted costing because the actual produced activities are illustrated.

Start of Production Orders

Production orders can be started manually (e. g. overhead orders, repair orders and so on) or by transferring planned orders from the material requirements plan. When starting production orders
  • the valid BOM will be copied into the production order as production BOM
  • the valid routing will be copied into the production order as production routing
The table-controlled CANIAS ERP PPC System is able to accomplish
  • Lead time scheduling (forward and backward scheduling)
  • Standard costing
  • Availability check of order components
  • Availability check of capacities.

Order types

When defining production order types, the following system parameters are controlled:
  • Order type
    • collective order
    • combination order
    • standard order
  • Scheduling procedure
    • forward scheduling
    • backward scheduling
  • Transaction type
    • automatic goods issue
    • automatic goods receipt
  • Reservation
    • static
    • dynamic

  • Customized print layouts and so on

Scheduling

It is possible to choose between
  • forward
  • backward or
  • midpoints
scheduling.

When scheduling, for each operation target start and target end time with float is determined minute-precise.

Status

Different status fields enable users a distinguished control of each production order. Status fields like

Status fields like
  • opened,
  • released,
  • partial confirmation,
  • completion confirmation,
  • partial delivered,
  • delivered,
  • printed
are generated automatically by the system.

Goods issue to Production Orders

Each item in the listing can be chosen either for deletion, when there is no goods issue,
or for changes of the stock outward movement quantity. Materials which are defined by back flush in the material master will not be posted in this moment. Only when posting an inward stock movement of finished goods, the posting for each material will be done (please look at goods receipt from production orders).

For additional parts needed, e. g. because of a higher rate of scrap, an unplanned withdrawal is possible. Those parts will be charged to the corresponding production order.The actual values of the goods withdrawal will be updated in the production order. At any time it is possible to compare actual values with target values. Automatic goods issue and/or goods receipt can be pre-adjusted through the production order.

Completion Confirmations

For each operation of a production order, a completion confirmation number is generated automatically by the system. The completion confirmation can be realized in two ways. Either by its number or by the production order and operation number. It is possible to read those numbers as bar code. With defining milestones in the operation control key it is possible, to confirm automatically all preliminary operations with milestones approved.

For one operation there are more than one completion confirmations. The entered values are cumulated by the system. When receiving completion confirmations they can also scrap and its reason can be registered and displayed in a table.

With completion confirmation of the last operation the goods receiving posting can be activated in the background for the material which is produced. Because of the continuous updating of the actual values with each completion confirmation in the production order, an adjusted costing is possible.

Goods receipt from Production Orders

Due to an independent transaction within inventory management, all end products are posted after completion as inward stock movements. If the end product contains components with stock movements controlled by back flush, a goods issue will be posted automatically for those components.

Adjusted Costing

When generating a production order, a costing sheet is assigned to it, taking into account production order type. With batch processes a standard and actual costing realized. New actual values are generated when changes, updated in production orders, occur. Corresponding to the chosen costing sheet is a comparison between standard and actual costing of a production order possible. Consequently, the order balance and plant stock can be analysed.

Order Accounting

Due to the completion confirmation process it is possible, to accomplish an order independent product costing analysis. On basis of a standard price controlled valuation, the difference between actual and target costs is posted automatically on balance sheet accounts. Moreover, the moving average price is adjusted. Therefore, the stock value is always up-to-date, independent of the valuation based on either standard price or moving average price. An availability check can be realized automatically when creating a production order.

Availability Check

An availability check can be done as well when displaying components of a production order. Consequently, the user is able to see, whether or not components are available and in which amount. Therefore, it is guaranteed that no production order will be released before not all parts are provided.

External Processing

There is a control key in the operation which allow users to declare external processes. When releasing such an operation, a purchase requisition account initially assigned is generated for the purchase department by the system. The account assignment comprises the production order number and, when available, the accounts of operation (e. g. customer order). It is possible to select each external process with status check.

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